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4年間で学校700校以上が損傷・破壊 子ども20万人が戦闘や不発弾の危険の中暮らす

【2018年5月4日  ジュネーブ発】



Lera Nagormay, 10, sits for a photograph in a classroom at school in Marinka, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, Wednesday 22 November 2017. When conflict broke out in 2013, Marinka was heavily contested. "One time, when I walked to school" Lera says, “when I arrived all the kids were already in the shelter. Shelling had started while I was on my way, and I had to rush in there.  The school still has weekly drills, corralling students into the bunker beneath the building. In a long cold room, seats line one wall for the smaller children.  "Sometimes we bring our toys down here so we don't get bored waiting," Lera says. Today, a police officer wearing camouflage and armed with a rifle stands guard in the lobby of the school. After one child was shot in the arm in the playground, children are not permitted to play outside. Field trips are out of the question due to the risk posed by mines and unexploded ordnance. "We have to stay inside the school all the time, and are not allowed to play outside during the breaks. The boys play football in the school's corridors" Lera says, "they can't break the windows because of the sandbags." As of December 2017, the situation in eastern Ukraine remains volatile, and violence continues despite the latest ceasefire agreements committed on 19 July 2017. The lives of children and their families, especially those living along the contact line continue to be at risk. According to a December 2017 report by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, millions of people are continuing to suffer unnecessarily due to the entrenched political impasse and the ongoing armed conflict. Despite many attempts at a ceasefire, hostilities continue with almost daily shelling, frequent localized clashes, and rapidly escalating mine and unexploded ordinance contamination.  The conflict has taken a severe toll on the education system, affecting students, teachers, administration and education facilities, hundreds of which hav

© UNICEF/UN0150817/Gilbertson VII Photo

教室で勉強するレラちゃん (10歳)。(2017年11月撮影)

「子どもたちが学んでいる学校の壁は銃弾で穴が開き、窓辺には土嚢が積まれ、地下には爆弾シェルターがあり、校庭には砲弾や爆弾の破片が散らばっています」とユニセフ・ウクライナ事務所代表のジョバンナ・ バルベリスは述べました。「ウクライナ東部における教育システムは、4年間以上多方面から被害を受け続けています。紛争の各当事者は、国際人道法を尊重し、学校が子どもにとって安全に学べる場所であることを保障しなければなりません」





破壊された教室で立ち尽くすElena Mihatskay校長先生。(2017年11月撮影)

© UNICEF/UN0150833/Gilbertson VII Photo

破壊された教室で立ち尽くすElena Mihatskay校長先生。(2017年11月撮影)

Krasnohorivkaの町にある第2中等学校は、砲撃により屋根や多くの教室が激しい損傷を受け、昨年5月に閉鎖したままです。「子どもたちは砲撃に対し非常に緊張しており、教師が子どもを落ち着かせようとしても難しいのです」「子どもは緊張状態にあり、ストレスを受けているため、それに耐えるのは困難です」とElena Mihatskaya校長先生は述べました。